Salton Sea NWR Information
Wetland Category: Salt Marsh
NWI Classification: PEM1C7
Latitude:   33.09020 Longitude:   -115.69810

Image Data
Date: 03/23/2009
Direction: North East
State: California
Country: USA
Location: Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge; located in California's Imperial Valley, 40 miles north of the Mexican border at the southern end of the Salton Sea.
Author(s): Catherine M. Lockwood
Affiliation: CNL World

Description: Hypersaline (over 48,000 ppt) emergent herbaceous wetland seasonally flooded as lake level rises during winter and spring local rainfall and mountain snow melt. Wetland type is classified as Salt Marsh and is in the Palustrine classification because the inland salinity is not ocean derived.
Conditions: Wetland is wet this time of year from spring runoff.
Dominant Plants:   Scientific Name:
Swamp Timothy   Heleochloa schoenoides
Alkali Bulrush   Scirpus robustus

Disturbances: Agricultural run off and change in lake level. Over several years Salton Sea lake level has continued to fall as additional withdrawal of runoff into Salton Sea is captured for agricultural production.